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PLoS One. 2013 May 31;8(5):e64743. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064743. Print 2013.

Postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction in patients undergoing cardiac surgery after remote ischemic preconditioning: a double-blind randomized controlled pilot study.

Author information

1
Clinic of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care Medicine and Pain Therapy, University Hospital Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. patrick.meybohm@kgu.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has been shown to enhance the tolerance of remote organs to cope with a subsequent ischemic event. We hypothesized that RIPC reduces postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction (POCD) in patients undergoing complex cardiac surgery.

METHODS:

We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial including 180 adult patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients were randomized either to RIPC or to control group. Primary endpoint was postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction 5-7 days after surgery assessed by a comprehensive test battery. Cognitive change was assumed if the preoperative to postoperative difference in 2 or more tasks assessing different cognitive domains exceeded more than one SD (1 SD criterion) or if the combined Z score was 1.96 or greater (Z score criterion).

RESULTS:

According to 1 SD criterion, 52% of control and 46% of RIPC patients had cognitive deterioration 5-7 days after surgery (p = 0.753). The summarized Z score showed a trend to more cognitive decline in the control group (2.16±5.30) compared to the RIPC group (1.14±4.02; p = 0.228). Three months after surgery, incidence and severity of neurocognitive dysfunction did not differ between control and RIPC. RIPC tended to decrease postoperative troponin T release at both 12 hours [0.60 (0.19-1.94) µg/L vs. 0.48 (0.07-1.84) µg/L] and 24 hours after surgery [0.36 (0.14-1.89) µg/L vs. 0.26 (0.07-0.90) µg/L].

CONCLUSIONS:

We failed to demonstrate efficacy of a RIPC protocol with respect to incidence and severity of POCD and secondary outcome variables in patients undergoing a wide range of cardiac surgery. Therefore, definitive large-scale multicenter trials are needed.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00877305.

PMID:
23741380
PMCID:
PMC3669352
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0064743
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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