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Tumour Biol. 2013 Dec;34(6):3331-7. doi: 10.1007/s13277-013-0902-0. Epub 2013 Jun 6.

MicroRNA 181a improves proliferation and invasion, suppresses apoptosis of osteosarcoma cell.

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Department of Orthopedics, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, 20 Xishi Road, Nantong, 226001, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China,

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  • Tumour Biol. 2014 Nov;35(11):11691-2.


MicroRNA 181a (miR-181a) was found dysregulated in a variety of human cancers and significantly associated with clinical outcome of cancer patients. However, the direct role of miR-181a has not yet been characterized in osteosarcoma progression. This study was aimed at investigating the effects of miR-181a on osteosarcoma cell biological behavior. First, the expression of miR-181a in osteosarcoma cell lines (MG63, HOS, SaOS-2, and U2OS) and a human osteoblastic cell line (hFOB1.19) was detected by qRT-PCR. Results showed that miR-181a was overexpressed in osteosarcoma cell lines compared to human osteoblastic cell line (hFOB1.19). To investigate the effects of miR-181a on proliferation, apoptosis, and invasion of osteosarcoma cells, we generated human osteosarcoma MG63 cells in which miR-181a was either overexpressed or depleted. The MG63 cell viability, cycle, apoptosis, and invasive ability were analyzed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide staining, propidium iodide (PI) staining, Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining, and Transwell invasion experiment, respectively. The results showed that MG63 cell viability, proliferation, and invasive abilities were suppressed, and the apoptosis was enhanced in the group with underexpression of miR-181a. The viability, proliferation, and invasive abilities were improved, and the apoptosis was inhibited in the group with overexpression of miR-181a. The results from Western blotting indicated that miR-181a might be associated with the up-regulation of bcl-2 and matrix metalloproteinase 9 and the down-regulation of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-3 and p21 in MG63 cells. Taken together, our results suggested that miR-181a might facilitate proliferation and invasion and suppress apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells, which might be a potential target for the treatment of osteosarcoma.

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