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J Natl Cancer Inst. 2013 Jul 17;105(14):1059-65. doi: 10.1093/jnci/djt130. Epub 2013 Jun 5.

Selective tropism of Seneca Valley virus for variant subtype small cell lung cancer.

Author information

1
Sidney Kimmel Compre hensive Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA.

Abstract

We assessed the efficacy of Seneca Valley virus (SVV-001), a neuroendocrine cancer-selective oncolytic picornavirus, in primary heterotransplant mouse models of small cell lung cancer (SCLC), including three lines each of classic and variant SCLC. Half-maximal effective concentrations for cell lines derived from three variant heterotransplants ranged from 1.6×10(-3) (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1×10(-3) to 2.5×10(-3)) to 3.9×10(-3) (95% CI = 2.8×10(-3) to 5.5×10(-3)). Sustained tumor growth inhibition in vivo was only observed in variant lines (two-sided Student t test, P < .005 for each). Doses of 10(14) vp/kg were able to completely and durably eradicate tumors in a variant SCLC heterotransplant model in two of six mice. Gene expression profiling revealed that permissive lines are typified by lower expression of the early neurogenic transcription factor ASCL1 and, conversely, by higher expression of the late neurogenic transcription factor NEUROD1. This classifier demonstrates a sensitivity of .89, specificity of .92, and accuracy of .91. The NEUROD1 to ASCL1 ratio may serve as a predictive biomarker of SVV-001 efficacy.

PMID:
23739064
PMCID:
PMC3888137
DOI:
10.1093/jnci/djt130
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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