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ISRN Psychiatry. 2013 May 7;2013:875873. doi: 10.1155/2013/875873. Print 2013.

The coexistence of psychiatric disorders and intellectual disability in children aged 3-18 years in the barwani district, India.

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1
School of Health Sciences, Jackson State University, 350 West Woodrow Wilson Drive, Jackson Medical Mall, Suite NO. 320, Jackson, MS 39213, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The coexistence of psychiatric disorders in people with intellectual disability (ID) is common. This study determined the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children with ID in Barwani, India.

METHOD:

A total of 262 children with ID were evaluated for psychiatric disorders using the diagnostic criteria outlined in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10).

RESULTS:

Psychiatric disorders appeared in study participants at the following rates: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 6.5%; autism, 4.2%; anxiety, 2.7%; bipolar disorder, 1.1%; delusional disorder, 0.8%; depression, 2.3%; obsessive-compulsive disorder, 0.8%; schizophrenia, 1.9%; enuresis, 10.3%; epilepsy, 23.7%; and behavioral problems, 80.9%. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders was statistically higher in severely intellectually disabled children (IQ ≤ 49) than mildly intellectually disabled children (IQ ≥ 50).

CONCLUSIONS:

There is a higher prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children with ID when their IQ ≤ 49 compared with ID children whose IQ ≥ 50.

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