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J Biol Chem. 1990 Jul 25;265(21):12156-62.

Primary structure of the mannose receptor contains multiple motifs resembling carbohydrate-recognition domains.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032.

Abstract

Macrophages express a cell surface receptor which mediates phagocytosis and pinocytosis of particles and solutes containing mannose (fucose and N-acetylglucosamine are also ligands for the receptor). An apparently identical protein has been isolated from human placenta. Proteolytic fragments of the placental receptor were sequenced so that oligonucleotide probes complementary to the receptor cDNA could be generated. These probes were used to isolate cDNA clones covering the entire coding portion of the mRNA for the receptor. Confirmation that these clones encode the mannose receptor was obtained by expression in rat fibroblasts. The expressed protein mediates uptake and degradation of mannose-conjugated serum albumin. The deduced amino acid sequence of the receptor reveals that it is most likely to be a type I transmembrane protein (COOH terminus on the cytoplasmic side of the membrane) since the mature polypeptide is preceded by a signal sequence and a hydrophobic stop transfer sequence is located 45 amino acids from the COOH terminus. The extracellular portion of the receptor polypeptide consists of three types of domains. The first 139 amino acids constitute a cysteine-rich segment which does not resemble other known sequences. There follows a domain which closely resembles fibronectin type II repeats. The remainder of the extracellular portion of the receptor is composed of eight segments homologous with the C-type carbohydrate-recognition domains of the asialoglycoprotein receptor, mannose binding proteins, and other Ca2(+)-dependent animal lectins. This structure suggests that the receptor may contain multiple ligand-binding domains thus accounting for its tight binding to highly multivalent ligands.

PMID:
2373685
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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