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Bioresour Technol. 2013 Aug;142:77-81. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2013.05.034. Epub 2013 May 16.

Need for optimizing catalyst loading for achieving affordable microbial fuel cells.

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1
Department of Physics and Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721302, West Bengal, India.

Abstract

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology is a promising technology for electricity production together with simultaneous water treatment. Catalysts play an important role in deciding the MFC performance. In most reports, effect of catalyst - both type and quantity is not optimized. In this paper, synthesis of nanorods of MnO2-catalyst particles for application in Pt-free MFCs is reported. The effect of catalyst loading i.e., weight ratio, with respect to conducting element and binder has been optimized by employing large number of combinations. Using simple theoretical model, it is shown that too high (or low) concentration of catalysts result in loss of MFC performance. The operation of MFC has been investigated using domestic wastewater as source of bio-waste for obtaining real world situation. Maximum power density of ∼61 mW/m(2) was obtained when weight ratio of catalyst and conducting species was 1:1. Suitable reasons are given to explain the outcomes.

KEYWORDS:

Activated carbon; Catalyst; Microbial fuel cell; MnO(2) nanorods

PMID:
23735791
DOI:
10.1016/j.biortech.2013.05.034
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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