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Br J Pharmacol. 2013 Sep;170(1):67-77. doi: 10.1111/bph.12263.

Antagonism of histamine H4 receptors exacerbates clinical and pathological signs of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.

Author information

1
Department of Neuroscience, Psychology, Drug Research and Child Health, Division of Neurology, Universita' di Firenze, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

The histamine H4 receptor has a primary role in inflammatory functions, making it an attractive target for the treatment of asthma and refractory inflammation. These observations suggested a facilitating action on autoimmune diseases. Here we have assessed the role of H4 receptors in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) a model of multiple sclerosis (MS).

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:

We induced EAE with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG35-55 ) in C57BL/6 female mice as a model of MS. The histamine H4 receptor antagonist 5-chloro-2-[(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)carbonyl]-1H-indole (JNJ7777120) was injected i.p. daily starting at day 10 post-immunization (D10 p.i.). Disease severity was monitored by clinical and histopathological evaluation of inflammatory cells infiltrating into the spinal cord, anti-MOG35-55 antibody production, assay of T-cell proliferation by [(3) H]-thymidine incorporation, mononucleate cell phenotype by flow cytometry, cytokine production by elisa assay and transcription factor quantification of mRNA expression.

KEY RESULTS:

Treatment with JNJ7777120 exacerbated EAE, increased inflammation and demyelination in the spinal cord of EAE mice and increased IFN-γ expression in lymph nodes, whereas it suppressed IL-4 and IL-10, and augmented expression of the transcription factors Tbet, FOXP3 and IL-17 mRNA in lymphocytes. JNJ7777120 did not affect proliferation of anti-MOG35-55 T-cells, anti-MOG35-55 antibody production or mononucleate cell phenotype.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

H4 receptor blockade was detrimental in EAE. Given the interest in the development of H4 receptor antagonists as anti-inflammatory compounds, it is important to understand the role of H4 receptors in immune diseases to anticipate clinical benefits and also predict possible detrimental effects.

KEYWORDS:

JNJ7777120; autoimmune diseases; histamine receptors; histamine system; inflammation; multiple sclerosis

PMID:
23735232
PMCID:
PMC3764850
DOI:
10.1111/bph.12263
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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