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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2013 Jul 10;5(13):5954-60. doi: 10.1021/am400268j. Epub 2013 Jun 26.

Investigation on new CuInS2/carbon composite counter electrodes for CdS/CdSe cosensitized solar cells.

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Key Laboratory for Renewable Energy (CAS), Beijing Key Laboratory for New Energy Materials and Devices, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China.


The search for semiconductor-sensitized solar cell (SSC) counter electrode alternatives has been a continuous effort and long ongoing work, while the studies in counter electrode kinetic performance and stability are important to improve the overall efficiency. Here, a ternary chalcopyrite compound CuInS2 is first employed as counter electrode (CE) material for CdS/CdSe cosensitized solar cells. Besides, in order to increase the electron transfer activity at the counter electrode/electrolyte interface and stability, an appropriate amount of active carbon/carbon black mixture is introduced to afford CuInS2/carbon composite electrodes. Electron transfer processes in CuInS2-based electrodes are investigated in detail with the aid of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and I-E measurement. Up to 4.32% of the light-to-electricity conversion efficiency has been achieved for the CdS/CdSe SSCs with the CuInS2/carbon composite electrode. Besides, a preliminary long-term stability test reveals that the new CuInS2/carbon composite counter electrode exhibits good stability after being kept in the dark at room temperature and without current flow for 1000 h.

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