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Can J Plast Surg. 2012 Summer;20(2):91-7.

Diagnosis and management of eosinophilic cellulitis (Wells' syndrome): A case series and literature review.

Author information

1
McGill University, Montreal, Quebec.

Abstract

in English, French

INTRODUCTION:

Eosinophilic cellulitis (Wells' syndrome) is an inflammatory dermatitis that is often misdiagnosed as infectious cellulitis due to its similarity in presentation. Misdiagnosis leads to delay of correct treatment and inappropriate use of antibiotics.

METHODS:

A case series of eosinophilic cellulitis and a literature review are presented.

RESULTS:

Patients with Wells' syndrome may present with a variety of nonspecific symptoms, such as fever, arthralgia and malaise, as well as myriad cutaneous lesions with associated erythema, presenting as blisters, bullae, papules and/or nodules. Several treatment modalities have been used to treat eosinophilic cellulitis and have been met with variable success rates; these include systemic corticosteroids, topical corticosteroids and antihistamines, with success rates of 91.7%, 50% and 25%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

A high degree of clinical suspicion must be exercised to diagnose this rare condition. Cellulitis with an atypical presentation or not responding to appropriate antibiotic treatment should trigger suspicion of Wells' syndrome. To date, the most successful treatment method is a short course of systemic corticosteroids.

KEYWORDS:

Cellulitis; Eosinophilia; Eosinophilic cellulitis; Flame figures; Wells’ syndrome

PMID:
23730155
PMCID:
PMC3383552

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