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Surg Endosc. 2013 Nov;27(11):4177-83. doi: 10.1007/s00464-013-3017-1. Epub 2013 Jun 1.

Laparoscopic approach for retrorectal tumors.

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Department of Surgery A, Saint Eloi Hospital, CHRU Montpellier, 80 Av. Augustin Fliche, 34295, Montpellier Cedex 5, France,



Retrorectal tumors are uncommon and may represent a surgical challenge. Laparoscopic excision has been reported in very few papers. We present our experience of nine cases operated by a transabdominal laparoscopic approach, between 2005 and 2011.


There were two males and seven females with a mean age of 35 years (range 19-48). The tumors were discovered incidentally in four cases or because of nonspecific clinical signs. All patients have had an MRI preoperatively.


Only one patient required open conversion due to a huge tumor >7 cm of diameter. Postoperative mortality was nil. One patient developed a hematoma in the pelvic area. The median hospital stay was 4.7 days (range 4-8). Final diagnostic were as follows: four schwannomas, one ganglioneuroma, two tailgut cysts, one anterior meningocele, and one paragangliomas. During the follow-up showed no recurrences, but four of nine patients developed neurologic complications as parenthesis and sciatic pain and one patient developed retrograde ejaculation.


Our case series shows that the laparoscopic approach is a feasible and safe option. It reduces surgical trauma and offers an excellent tool for perfect visualization of the deep structures in the presacral space to minimize the vascular and neurological injuries.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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