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Water Res. 2013 Jul 1;47(11):3559-72. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2013.04.013. Epub 2013 Apr 18.

Removal of dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen during simulated soil aquifer treatment.

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School of Engineering Design and Technology, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK.


Soil aquifer treatment was simulated in 1 m laboratory soil columns containing silica sand under saturated and unsaturated soil conditions to examine the effect of travel length through the unsaturated zone on the removal of wastewater organic matter, the effect of soil type on dissolved organic carbon removal and also the type of microorganisms involved in the removal process. Dissolved organic carbon removal and nitrification did enhance when the wastewater travelled a longer length through the unsaturated zone. A similar consortium of microorganisms was found to exist in both saturated and unsaturated columns. Microbial concentrations however were lowest in the soil column containing silt and clay in addition to silica sand. The presence of silt and clay was detrimental to DOC removal efficiency under saturated soil conditions due to their negative effect on the hydraulic performance of the soil column and microbial growth.

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