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Transplant Proc. 2013 May;45(4):1590-2. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2013.01.014.

Urinary tract infection and kidney transplantation: a review of diagnosis, causes, and current clinical approach.

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Organ and Tissues Transplant Group, Department of Surgery, Medical School of the National University of Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia.


Urinary tract infection (UTI), including bacteriuria, cystitis, and pyelonephritis, is the most common infectious complication after kidney transplantation (KTx). Over the past few years, many medical groups assumed this pathological process to be a "benign" disease in kidney transplant recipients (KTxR). However, increased medical and scientific advances in knowledge and management of KTx complications have raised questions about UTI as a pathological process that decreases and worsens kidney allograft function and survival. This review sought to clarify diagnostic criteria, as well as to describe factors associated with UTI in KTxR that expose its effects on the allograft. We sought to show the uncertainty of important topics within the field of UTI among kidney allograft recipients and to propose a practical clinical approach to KTxRs with UTI.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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