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J Mycol Med. 2013 Jun;23(2):130-5. doi: 10.1016/j.mycmed.2013.04.003. Epub 2013 May 30.

[Fusariosis diagnosed in the laboratory of an UH in Tunisia: epidemiological, clinical and mycological study].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Laboratoire de biologie moléculaire parasitaire et fongique, faculté de médecine, rue Magida Boulila, 3029 Sfax, Tunisie.

Abstract

The genus Fusarium, initially known for its important agro-economic impact, is more and more often implicated in human pathology. In fact, multiples allergic, toxic and infectious manifestations are more reported in immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts. The objective of our study was to analyse the epidemiological, mycological and clinical features of fusariosis reported in our CHU. Eighty-seven cases of Fusarium infections were collected: 34 cases of onychomycosis (39%), 26 cases of intertrigos (30%), 25 cases of keratomycosis (29%), one case of atypical invasive fusariosis due to Fusarium oxysporum species complex (FOSC) and one case of localized gingivolabial fusariosis due to Fusarium solani species complex (FSSC) in a patient with leukemia in phase of deep bone marrow aplasia, whose outcome was favorable after exiting of aplasia period and a treatment by amphotericine B. The case of pseudotumoral cutaneous fusariosis to F. oxysporum complicated with osteolysis and septic arthritis occurred in a pregnant woman without any immune deficit. The evolution was fatal in spite of prescription of multiple systemic antifungals. Concerning keratomycosis, Fusarium was the first agent responsible for these infections (43%). The corneal traumatism was found in 37.5% of cases and FSSC was the most isolated (72%). For superficial dermatomycosis, Fusarium was the third agent of onychomycosis in molds (25%). The most isolated species were FSSC (68%) and FOSC (20%). The intertrigo frequency was 0.07% and they were mostly caused by FSSC (84%) and FOSC (16%). Fusarium is an important cause of mold infections in our region. So, the species identification is useful because some species are resistant to the most common systemic antifungal agents.

PMID:
23725904
DOI:
10.1016/j.mycmed.2013.04.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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