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Dermatol Surg. 2013 Aug;39(8):1202-8. doi: 10.1111/dsu.12242. Epub 2013 May 31.

Fractional carbon dioxide laser improves nodular basal cell carcinoma treatment with photodynamic therapy with methyl 5-aminolevulinate.

Author information

1
Department of Photonic Medicine, 1st Medical Faculty, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The major limitation of photodynamic therapy with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA-PDT) is proper photosensitizer penetration. The nodular form of BCC (nBCC) is perceived as a contraindication to ALA-PDT because the tumor layer is thicker than 2 mm. We have improved on the results of previous studies that used an ablative laser to limit tumor thickness. A fractional laser produces skin microtubules that can improve the penetration of ALA into tumors.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the use of a fractional laser as pretreatment before ALA-PDT for nBCC treatment in an 18-month single-blind clinical trial.

METHODS:

Fifty-six verified nBCCs were ablated using a diode laser under ultrasound control. Half of the tumors were treated 3 weeks later using a fractional carbon dioxide laser, and the other half were treated using curettage (control). We then immediately treated with ALA-PDT. Fluorescence and photography were evaluated and compared each month, and a final histopathologic examination was performed.

RESULTS:

Fifty-two of 56 nBCCs in the fractional laser treatment group responded to ALA-PDT, compared with only 45 of 56 in the control group. Fluorescence was higher in 53 cases in the treatment group; 3 cases demonstrated the same fluorescence level in both groups. Healing took longer in the treatment group, and there were more side effects.

CONCLUSION:

Fractional laser pretreatment increases the fluorescence and clinical effectiveness of ALA-PDT for the treatment of nBCC.

PMID:
23725586
DOI:
10.1111/dsu.12242
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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