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N Am J Med Sci. 2013 Apr;5(4):266-79. doi: 10.4103/1947-2714.110430.

Winter cardiovascular diseases phenomenon.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Uinversity Hospital Bochum, Bedburg, Germany.

Abstract

THIS PAPER REVIEW SEASONAL PATTERNS ACROSS TWELVE CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES: Deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, aortic dissection and rupture, stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, hypertension, heart failure, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac death, venricular arrythmia and atrial fibrillation, and discuss a possible cause of the occurrence of these diseases. There is a clear seasonal trend of cardiovascular diseases, with the highest incidence occurring during the colder winter months, which have been described in many countries. This phenomenon likely contributes to the numbers of deaths occurring in winter. The implications of this finding are important for testing the relative importance of the proposed mechanisms. Understanding the influence of season and other factors is essential when seeking to implement effective public health measures.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiovascular diseases; Periodicity; Seasons

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