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Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci. 2013 Jan;3(1):64-8. doi: 10.4103/2229-5151.109426.

Fat embolism syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Cooper University Hospital, Division of Trauma Surgery, Camden, NJ, USA.

Abstract

Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is an ill-defined clinical entity that arises from the systemic manifestations of fat emboli within the microcirculation. Embolized fat within capillary beds cause direct tissue damage as well as induce a systemic inflammatory response resulting in pulmonary, cutaneous, neurological, and retinal symptoms. This is most commonly seen following orthopedic trauma; however, patients with many clinical conditions including bone marrow transplant, pancreatitis, and following liposuction. No definitive diagnostic criteria or tests have been developed, making the diagnosis of FES difficult. While treatment for FES is largely supportive, early operative fixation of long bone fractures decreases the likelihood of a patient developing FES.

KEYWORDS:

Fat embolism; fat embolism syndrome; trauma

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