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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1990 Jul 16;170(1):153-61.

Human platelet glycoprotein V: a surface leucine-rich glycoprotein related to adhesion.

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  • 1Hematology Section, Veterans Administration Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98108.


Human platelet glycoprotein V (Mr 82,000) is a surface glycoprotein and a substrate for thrombin, undergoing proteolytic cleavage by thrombin and releasing a soluble fragment, glycoprotein Vfl (Mr 69,000). It does not appear to be the receptor for thrombin's agonist effect on platelets. A congenital platelet disorder, Bernard-Soulier syndrome, is marked by a deficiency of glycoprotein V and two other surface glycoproteins, Ib-IX. The latter two, Ib-IX, constitute the platelet receptor for von Willebrand factor, mediate arterial platelet adhesion, and contain unique 24-amino acid sequences, termed "leucine-rich glycoprotein" segments. The segments relate to adhesive function and distinguish the leucine-rich glycoprotein family. Surface glycoprotein V is not physically associated with Ib-IX nor does it bind to von Willebrand factor. To date, no common denominator has been found that explains the combined deficiency of glycoproteins V and Ib-IX in Bernard-Soulier syndrome. This study describes the isolation of glycoprotein V/anti-glycoprotein V antibody and the analysis of three glycoprotein V peptides that contain "leucine-rich" sequences. Therefore, glycoprotein V shares the "leucine-rich" structure with platelet glycoproteins Ib-IX and belongs to the family of leucine-rich glycoproteins.

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