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Leuk Lymphoma. 2014 Mar;55(3):652-61. doi: 10.3109/10428194.2013.807927. Epub 2013 Jul 1.

Neem leaf extract induces cell death by apoptosis and autophagy in B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells.

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1
Department of Cancer Biology.

Abstract

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common adult leukemia and is currently incurable. To expand the therapeutic armamentarium, we investigated neem leaf extract (NLE) after a patient with CLL demonstrated disease regression upon taking oral NLE. NLE-mediated apoptosis was examined in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 41 patients with CLL. NLE induced a dose-dependent reduction in CLL cell viability with significant apoptosis observed at 0.06% (w/v) by 24 h. Annexin-V staining and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) and caspase 3 cleavage were observed after NLE treatment. However, a pan-caspase inhibitor only partially blocked NLE-mediated cell death. NLE also caused loss of mitochondrial outer membrane permeability and nuclear translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor. Furthermore, NLE treatment resulted in LC3-I cleavage. Biochemical analyses revealed that NLE also inhibits Bcl-2 and p53 proteins. In summary, NLE exhibits anti-leukemic properties in patient primary CLL cells and demonstrates clinical efficacy, warranting further investigation as a potential therapy for CLL.

PMID:
23721511
DOI:
10.3109/10428194.2013.807927
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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