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Recommendations for Management of Common Childhood Conditions: Evidence for Technical Update of Pocket Book Recommendations: Newborn Conditions, Dysentery, Pneumonia, Oxygen Use and Delivery, Common Causes of Fever, Severe Acute Malnutrition and Supportive Care.


Geneva: World Health Organization; 2012.
WHO Guidelines Approved by the Guidelines Review Committee.


The publication provides a summary of evidence and assessment using the GRADE process, and recommendations on the management of common causes of childhood illnesses. The key areas covered include management of several common neonatal conditions, common causes of fever (acute and chronic otitis media, typhoid fever and meningitis); treatment of acute respiratory infections; treatment of dysentery; use of antibiotics in severe acute malnutrition; use and delivery of oxygen therapy in children; and supportive care. These priority areas were the basis of the evidence review, and synthesis and development of these revised recommendations with a focus on settings with limited health systems capacity and resources. WHO has developed the present evidence-informed recommendations with a view to promoting the best possible clinical practices that consider the risks and benefits, acceptability, feasibility, cost and other resource implications. Target audience: the recommendations are aimed at policy makers, national guidelines committees, and programme managers, as well as health-care professionals providing paediatric in both outpatient and inpatient settings.

Copyright © 2012, World Health Organization.

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