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Ann Behav Med. 2013 Dec;46(3):394-400. doi: 10.1007/s12160-013-9520-8.

Cue-induced smoking urges deplete cigarette smokers' self-control resources.

Author information

1
Health Psychology and Behavioural Medicine Research Group, School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia, Martin.Hagger@curtin.edu.au.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Exposure to smoking-related cues leads to increased urge to smoke in regular cigarette smokers and resisting these urges requires considerable self-control.

PURPOSE:

Adopting a resource depletion model, two studies tested the hypothesis that resisting smoking urges depletes self-control resources.

METHODS:

Adopting a within-participants randomized cross-over design, participants (study 1, Nā€‰=ā€‰19; study 2, Nā€‰=ā€‰32) were exposed to smoking-related (study 1: smoking images; study 2: cigarette cue-exposure task) and neutral (study 1: neutral images; study 2: drinking-straw task) cues with presentation order randomized. After each cue set, participants completed self-control tasks (study 1: handgrip task; study 2: handgrip and Stroop tasks), performance on which constituted dependent measures of self-control.

RESULTS:

Self-control task performance was significantly impaired when exposed to smoking-related cues compared to neutral cues. No significant presentation-order effects, or interaction effects between stimulus and presentation order, were found.

CONCLUSIONS:

Findings corroborate our hypothesis that resisting smoking urges depletes cigarette smokers' self-control resources and suggests that self-control capacity is governed by a limited resource.

PMID:
23720186
DOI:
10.1007/s12160-013-9520-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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