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Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2013 May;38(5):537-44. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7347.2013.05.016.

[Dynamic changes of cellular HIV-1 DNA quantification during highly active antiretroviral therapy in Chinese HIV infected individuals].

[Article in Chinese]

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Department of Clinical Laboratory, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008,China.



To observe the dynamic changes of 3 types of viral reservoir cells (NK cells, T lymphocytes and monocytes), and its relationship with treatment effect in Chinese HIV-1 infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) for 2 years.


A total of 40 chronic HIV-1-infected adults who initiated HAART were enrolled in this study and followed up for 2 years. Peripheral whole blood was obtained from each patient at baseline (0 month), 6, 12, 18 and 24 months. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR was used to detect the HIV-1 RNA in the plasma and HIV-1 DNA in NK cells, T lymphocytes and monocytes. All the data were statistically analyzed.


CD4 count increased with the decrease of the viral load during HAART. After HAART initiation, HIV-1 DNA showed a significant decrease in NK cells, T lymphocytes and monocytes. The HIV-1 DNA from T lymphocytes, NK cells and monocytes correlated positively with the HIV- 1 RNA (P<0.05) while NK cells and T lymphocytes correlated negatively with CD4+ T cell count. However we did not find significant correlation between CD4+ T cell count and HIV-1 DNA in monocytes at the baseline of HAART.


This study found that NK cell was an important HIV cellular reservoir besides T lymphocytes and monocytes. T lymphocytes may be the main long lasting HIV reservoir. HIV-1 proviral DNA may play an important role in the efficacy of treatment and monitoring the disease progression.

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