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Indian J Pharmacol. 2013 Mar-Apr;45(2):136-40. doi: 10.4103/0253-7613.108288.

Protective effect of Trigonella foenum-graecum Linn. on monosodium glutamate-induced dyslipidemia and oxidative stress in rats.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hamdard University, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of aqueous extract of Trigonella foenum-graecum(AqE-TFG) seeds on monosodium glutamate (MSG)-induced dyslipidemia and oxidative stress in Wistar rats.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Neonatal Wistar rats were treated subcutaneously with MSG (4 g/kg b.w.) from day 2 to 14 after birth, on alternate days. After attaining six-weeks of age, MSG-treated rats were administered with AqE-TFG (0.5 and 1 g/kg b.w., orally) or orlistat (10 mg/kg b.w., orally) for 28 days, respectively. Serum chemistry and relevant enzymes in hepato-cardiac tissues were assessed on day 29.

RESULTS:

AqE-TFG produced significant reduction in serum total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TGs), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aspartate amino transferase (AST), alanine amino transferase (ALT), hepatic and cardiac lipid peroxides (MDA) levels and elevation in serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), hepatic and cardiac antioxidant enzymes [glutathione (GSH), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT)] levels.

CONCLUSION:

Results were comparable with orlistat, a standard anti-obesity drug, and provide clear evidence that the AqE-TFG treatment offered significant protection against MSG-induced dyslipidemia and oxidative stress, and may play an important role in amelioration of the free radical generated consequences like dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis.

KEYWORDS:

Antihyperlipidemic; Trigonella foenum-graecum; monosodium glutamate; neonatal; oxidative stress

PMID:
23716888
PMCID:
PMC3660924
DOI:
10.4103/0253-7613.108288
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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