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Indian J Pharm Sci. 2012 Sep;74(5):434-42. doi: 10.4103/0250-474X.108419.

Solid lipid nanoparticles of a water soluble drug, ciprofloxacin hydrochloride.

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1
Gujarat Forensic Sciences University, Institute of Research and Development, Near Police Bhavan, Sector 18A, Gandhinagar-382 007, India.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to understand and investigate the relationship between experimental factors and their responses in the preparation of ciprofloxacin hydrochloride based solid lipid nanoparticles. A quadratic relationship was studied by developing central composite rotatable design. Amount of lipid and drug, stirring speed and stirring time were selected as experimental factors while particle size, zeta potential and drug entrapment were used as responses. Prior to the experimental design, a qualitative prescreening study was performed to check the effect of various solid lipids and their combinations. Results showed that changing the amount of lipid, stirring speed and stirring time had a noticeable influence on the entrapment efficiencies and particle size of the prepared solid lipid nanoparticles. The particle size of a solid lipid nanoparticle was in the range of 159-246 nm and drug encapsulation efficiencies were marginally improved by choosing a binary mixture of physically incompatible solid lipids. Release of ciprofloxacin hydrochloride from solid lipid nanoparticle was considerably slow, and it shows Higuchi matrix model as the best fitted model. Study of solid lipid nanoparticle suggested that the lipid based carrier system could potentially be exploited as a delivery system with improved drug entrapment efficiency and controlled drug release for water soluble actives.

KEYWORDS:

Central composite design; ciprofloxacin HCl; encapsulation; particle size; solid lipid nanoparticle

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