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Magn Reson Med. 2014 Apr;71(4):1435-45. doi: 10.1002/mrm.24796. Epub 2013 May 28.

Joint spatial-spectral reconstruction and k-t spirals for accelerated 2D spatial/1D spectral imaging of 13C dynamics.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To develop a novel imaging technique to reduce the number of excitations and required scan time for hyperpolarized (13)C imaging.

METHODS:

A least-squares based optimization and reconstruction is developed to simultaneously solve for both spatial and spectral encoding. By jointly solving both domains, spectral imaging can potentially be performed with a spatially oversampled single echo spiral acquisition. Digital simulations, phantom experiments, and initial in vivo hyperpolarized [1-(13)C]pyruvate experiments were performed to assess the performance of the algorithm as compared to a multi-echo approach.

RESULTS:

Simulations and phantom data indicate that accurate single echo imaging is possible when coupled with oversampling factors greater than six (corresponding to a worst case of pyruvate to metabolite ratio < 9%), even in situations of substantial T(2)* decay and B(0) heterogeneity. With lower oversampling rates, two echoes are required for similar accuracy. These results were confirmed with in vivo data experiments, showing accurate single echo spectral imaging with an oversampling factor of 7 and two echo imaging with an oversampling factor of 4.

CONCLUSION:

The proposed k-t approach increases data acquisition efficiency by reducing the number of echoes required to generate spectroscopic images, thereby allowing accelerated acquisition speed, preserved polarization, and/or improved temporal or spatial resolution.

KEYWORDS:

CSI; dynamic nuclear polarization; metabolism; pyruvate

PMID:
23716402
PMCID:
PMC4011726
DOI:
10.1002/mrm.24796
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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