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Environ Health. 2013 May 28;12(1):43. doi: 10.1186/1476-069X-12-43.

Long-term air pollution exposure and cardio- respiratory mortality: a review.

Abstract

Current day concentrations of ambient air pollution have been associated with a range of adverse health effects, particularly mortality and morbidity due to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. In this review, we summarize the evidence from epidemiological studies on long-term exposure to fine and coarse particles, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and elemental carbon on mortality from all-causes, cardiovascular disease and respiratory disease. We also summarize the findings on potentially susceptible subgroups across studies. We identified studies through a search in the databases Medline and Scopus and previous reviews until January 2013 and performed a meta-analysis if more than five studies were available for the same exposure metric.

PMID:
23714370
PMCID:
PMC3679821
DOI:
10.1186/1476-069X-12-43
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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