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J Med Chem. 2013 Jun 27;56(12):4990-5008. doi: 10.1021/jm400248c. Epub 2013 Jun 6.

A potent and selective small-molecule inhibitor for the lymphoid-specific tyrosine phosphatase (LYP), a target associated with autoimmune diseases.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, 635 Barnhill Drive, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA.


Lymphoid-specific tyrosine phosphatase (LYP), a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family of signaling enzymes, is associated with a broad spectrum of autoimmune diseases. Herein we describe our structure-based lead optimization efforts within a 6-hydroxy-benzofuran-5-carboxylic acid series culminating in the identification of compound 8b, a potent and selective inhibitor of LYP with a K(i) value of 110 nM and more than 9-fold selectivity over a large panel of PTPs. The structure of LYP in complex with 8b was obtained by X-ray crystallography, providing detailed information about the molecular recognition of small-molecule ligands binding LYP. Importantly, compound 8b possesses highly efficacious cellular activity in both T- and mast cells and is capable of blocking anaphylaxis in mice. Discovery of 8b establishes a starting point for the development of clinically useful LYP inhibitors for treating a wide range of autoimmune disorders.

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