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Ann Vasc Surg. 2013 Aug;27(6):743-9. doi: 10.1016/j.avsg.2012.08.018. Epub 2013 May 24.

Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms: a single-center experience.

Author information

1
Department of Surgical Gastroenterology and Liver Transplantation, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India. rags_dr@yahoo.co.in

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The management of hepatic artery aneurysms has evolved largely because of changes in etiology and presentation, and advances in endovascular therapy. Although many case reports have been published on the condition, few have been from developing countries and few have compared patient outcomes after angioembolization and surgery.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

This study retrospectively analyzed patients admitted with hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms between 1999 and 2011. The patients were divided into those who presented before 2007 (surgery group) and after 2007 (embolization group), and their demographic characteristics, presentation, and investigations; the technical and clinical success of treatment; and in-hospital mortality were studied.

RESULTS:

A total of 29 patients were studied, 17 of whom men, with a median age of 42 years. Of these 29 patients, 8 underwent surgery and 21 had embolization (24 total procedures). No mortality was seen in the surgery group, and their hospital stay was longer and transfusion requirement higher than those in the embolization group, in whom technical success was achieved in all procedures and clinical success in 19 of 24 (79%). Clinical failure and complications were seen when common hepatic artery aneurysms were embolized. Three patients (14%) died in the embolization group from ischemic hepatitis and bowel gangrene, coagulopathy, and a leak from a previous pancreaticojejunal anastomosis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Both surgery and angioembolization are equally effective for hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms, but the latter has the advantages of more rapid bleeding control, shorter hospital stay, and lower transfusion requirement.

PMID:
23711970
DOI:
10.1016/j.avsg.2012.08.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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