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Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2013;161 Suppl 2:44-51. doi: 10.1159/000350359. Epub 2013 May 29.

Regulation of IgE-dependent zinc release from human mast cells.

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  • 1Division of Tumor and Cellular Biochemistry, Department of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Miyazaki University, Miyazaki, Japan. kpkaneda@fc.miyazaki-u.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Zinc (Zn) affects many aspects of immune function, including thymic development and the activities of immune cells. Zn is also involved in many steps of high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI)-induced mast cell (MC) activation, which is required for degranulation and cytokine production. Intracellular Zn levels increase in mouse MCs after FcεRI stimulation. We previously reported that Zn distribution in a human MC line, LAD2, changed dramatically following FcεRI aggregation with synchrotron radiation microbeams. However, the kinetics of Zn distribution and the underlying mechanisms following FcεRI cross-linking remain unknown.

METHODS:

We used cord-blood-derived MCs and LAD2 cells. Degranulation was assessed by β-hexosaminidase (β-hex) release. Extracellular Zn levels were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry or based on the fluorescence intensity of a Zn indicator. We also used RNAi to knockdown ZnT1 expression. mRNA expression levels were determined by real-time RT-PCR.

RESULTS:

Zn was rapidly released from human MCs after FcεRI aggregation. The kinetics and optimal conditions for FcεRI cross-linking for Zn release were different from those for degranulation. Treating LAD2 cells with an intracellular Ca(2+) chelator significantly inhibited IgE-mediated β-hex release but not Zn release. We investigated IgE-mediated β-hex and Zn release with specific inhibitors of signaling pathways. Zn and β-hex release were partly correlated with but also partly independent of IgE. Knockdown of the Zn efflux transporter, ZnT1, significantly inhibited Zn release from human MCs.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results indicate that IgE-dependent Zn release from human MCs involves signaling cascades that are distinct from those of degranulation. Thus, Zn may have a unique function as a mediator of allergic inflammation.

PMID:
23711853
DOI:
10.1159/000350359
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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