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J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Jun;61(6):882-7. doi: 10.1111/jgs.12261. Epub 2013 May 27.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, physical health, and lifestyle in older adults.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center and GGZ inGeest, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. e.semeijn@vumc.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To increase insight into the effect of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on health in general in older adults.

DESIGN:

Two-phase sampling side-study.

SETTING:

Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA).

PARTICIPANTS:

Two hundred twenty-three randomly selected LASA respondents.

MEASUREMENTS:

Information was collected during home visits on physical health, medication use, and lifestyle characteristics in Phase 1 and on ADHD diagnosis in Phase 2. The associations between independent variables and ADHD were examined with linear and logistic regression analyses.

RESULTS:

The adjusted regression estimates of the linear regression analysis showed that the number of ADHD symptoms was positively associated with the presence of chronic nonspecific lung diseases (CNSLD) (B = 2.58, P = .02), cardiovascular diseases (B = 2.18, P = .02), and number of chronic diseases (B = 0.69, P = .04) and negatively associated with self-perceived health (B = -2.83, P = .002). Lifestyle is not a mediator of the association between ADHD and physical health.

CONCLUSION:

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in older adults was associated with chronic physical illness and poorer self-perceived health. Contrary to expectations, there were no associations between symptoms of ADHD and lifestyle variables.

PMID:
23711084
DOI:
10.1111/jgs.12261
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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