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Behav Res Methods. 2014 Mar;46(1):41-54. doi: 10.3758/s13428-013-0353-y.

Planned missing-data designs in experience-sampling research: Monte Carlo simulations of efficient designs for assessing within-person constructs.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, USA, p_silvia@uncg.edu.

Abstract

Experience-sampling research involves trade-offs between the number of questions asked per signal, the number of signals per day, and the number of days. By combining planned missing-data designs and multilevel latent variable modeling, we show how to reduce the items per signal without reducing the number of items. After illustrating different designs using real data, we present two Monte Carlo studies that explored the performance of planned missing-data designs across different within-person and between-person sample sizes and across different patterns of response rates. The missing-data designs yielded unbiased parameter estimates but slightly higher standard errors. With realistic sample sizes, even designs with extensive missingness performed well, so these methods are promising additions to an experience-sampler's toolbox.

PMID:
23709167
PMCID:
PMC3781177
DOI:
10.3758/s13428-013-0353-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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