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Horm Behav. 2013 Jun;64(1):95-102. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2013.05.005. Epub 2013 May 22.

Inhibiting neuropeptide Y Y1 receptor modulates melanocortin receptor- and NF-κB-mediated feeding behavior in phenylpropanolamine-treated rats.

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Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Chung Shan Medical University and Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung City 40201, Taiwan, ROC.


Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) are involved in regulating anorexia elicited by phenylpropanolamine (PPA), a sympathomimetic drug. This study explored whether NPY Y1 receptor (Y1R) is involved in this process, and a potential role for the proopiomelanocortin system was identified. Rats were given PPA once a day for 4days. Changes in the hypothalamic expression of the NPY, Y1R, NF-κB, and melanocortin receptor 4 (MC4R) levels were assessed and compared. The results indicated that food intake and NPY expression decreased, with the largest reductions observed on Day 2 (approximately 50% and 45%, respectively), whereas NF-κB, MC4R, and Y1R increased, achieving maximums on Day 2 (160%, 200%, and 280%, respectively). To determine the role of Y1R, rats were pretreated with Y1R antisense or a Y1R antagonist via intracerebroventricular injection 1h before the daily PPA dose. Y1R knockdown and inhibition reduced PPA anorexia and partially restored the normal expression of NPY, MC4R, and NF-κB. The data suggest that hypothalamic Y1R participates in the appetite-suppression from PPA by regulating MC4R and NF-κB. The results of this study increase our understanding of the molecular mechanisms in PPA-induced anorexia.

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