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Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2014 Mar;217(2-3):169-75. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2013.04.007. Epub 2013 Apr 30.

Changes in buccal micronucleus cytome parameters associated with smokeless tobacco and pesticide exposure among female tea garden workers of Assam, India.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Environmental Health and Genetic Toxicology, Department of Life Science and Bioinformatics, Assam University, Silchar 788011, Assam, India.
2
Laboratory of Environmental Health and Genetic Toxicology, Department of Life Science and Bioinformatics, Assam University, Silchar 788011, Assam, India. Electronic address: girisarbani@yahoo.com.
3
Environmental Toxicology Laboratory, Department of Life Science and Bioinformatics, Assam University, Silchar 788011, Assam, India.

Abstract

Assam is the highest tea producing state in India. A large number of workers are engaged in various units of tea industry. There are few reports on the health status of the tea garden workers. The present cytogenetic biomonitoring study was undertaken to investigate the genotoxic effect associated with workers in tea industries in southern Assam. Smokeless tobacco chewing along with betel nut is very common practice among the workers. Workers also get exposed periodically to mixture of pesticides. Employing buccal micronucleus cytome assay, exfoliated buccal cells were analyzed in 90 female tea garden and compared to 90 age and sex matched non-chewer control as well as 70 chewers who are not tea garden workers. Statistically significant (p<0.001) increase in genotoxic and cell death parameters was observed in tea garden workers compared to both the control groups. The frequency of cell proliferation biomarkers was highest in the chewer controls whereas genotoxic and cell death parameters were highest in tea garden workers. Linear correlation analysis revealed strong positive correlation between the duration of occupation and the frequency of micronucleus (r=0.597; p<0.001) as well as cell death parameters (r=0.588; p<0.001). Amount of chewing also had significant positive correlation with micronucleus frequency (r=0.243 or 5.9%; p<0.05) and cell death parameters (r=0.217; p<0.05). A statistically significant decrease in total RBC count, haemoglobin content as well as acetylcholine esterase in the blood of exposed individuals was observed. The average BMI among the tea garden workers was relatively lower compared to the control group. Pesticide exposure and chewing areca nut along with smokeless tobacco use may be responsible for changes in cytome parameters in exfoliated buccal cells.

KEYWORDS:

Acetylcholine esterase; Cytome assay; Genotoxicity; Micronucleus; Pesticides; Tea industry

PMID:
23706883
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijheh.2013.04.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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