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J Evid Based Soc Work. 2013;10(3):220-34. doi: 10.1080/15433714.2013.788952.

Achieving exits to permanency for children in long term care.

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Bay Area Social Services Consortium, School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7400, USA.


Despite the federal emphasis on achieving timely permanency for children who enter foster care, some children continue to remain in foster care for extended periods, with approximately 20,000 children a year "aging out" of foster care into adulthood without having achieved permanency in a family setting ( Dworsky, 2008 ). This literature review focuses on the federal Child and Family Services Review measure that measures agency performance related to achieving permanency for children in foster care for long periods of time. The review summarizes the factors associated with timely discharges from care; while each child and family involved with the child welfare system brings a set of unique challenges and characteristics, research points to common individual and system factors that may be associated with long stays in foster care. Broad strategies that may be linked to achieving permanency are described, followed by explicit models developed to increase the likelihood of timely permanency.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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