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Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2013 Aug 28;15(32):13329-42. doi: 10.1039/c3cp51142a.

Keggin heteropolyacid H3PW12O40 supported on different oxides for catalytic and catalytic photo-assisted propene hydration.

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Schiavello-Grillone Photocatalysis Group. Dipartimento di Energia, Ingegneria dell'informazione e modelli Matematici (DEIM), Università di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo, Italy.


Catalytic and catalytic photo-assisted hydration of propene to form 2-propanol in gas-solid regime at atmospheric pressure and 85 °C were carried out by using a heteropolyacid (POM) supported on different oxides. Binary materials were prepared by impregnation of H3PW12O40 on different commercial and home prepared supports (TiO2, SiO2, WO3, ZrO2, ZnO, Al2O3). Some of the composites were active both for catalytic and catalytic photo-assisted reactions. The Keggin type POM was completely and partially degraded, when supported on ZnO and Al2O3, respectively, and these binary solids always resulted as inactive for both catalytic and catalytic photo-assisted reactions. The supported Keggin POM species played a key role both for the catalytic and the photo-assisted catalytic reactions, due to their strong acidity and ability to form strong oxidant species under UV irradiation, respectively. The contemporary presence of heat and UV light improved the activity of almost all POM supported materials. All materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy observations (SEM), diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), determination of the conduction and valence band energy by photovoltage measurements, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), NH3-TPD experiments and time resolved microwave conductivity (TRMC).

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