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J Proteomics. 2014 Jan 31;97:296-306. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2013.05.011. Epub 2013 May 20.

O-linked glycosylation sites profiling in Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture filtrate proteins.

Author information

1
Proteome Exploration Laboratory, Beckman Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA.
2
Proteome Exploration Laboratory, Beckman Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA. Electronic address: shess@caltech.edu.

Abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) causes tuberculosis, one of the leading causes of fatal infectious diseases worldwide. Cell-cell recognition between the pathogen Mtb and its host is mediated in part by glycosylated proteins. So far, glycoproteins in Mtb are understudied and for only very few glycoproteins glycosylation sites have been described, e.g., alanine and proline rich secreted protein apa, superoxide dismutase SODC, lipoprotein lpqH and MPB83/MPT83. In this study, glycosylated proteins in Mtb culture filtrate were investigated using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry approaches and bioinformatic analyses. To validate the presence of glycoproteins, several strategies were pursued including collision induced dissociation, high energy collision dissociation and electron transfer dissociation techniques, and bioinformatics analyses involving a neutral loss search for glycosylated moieties. After extensive data curation, we report glycosylation sites for thirteen Mtb glycoproteins using a combination of mass spectrometry techniques on a dataset collected from culture filtrate proteins. This is the first glycoproteomics study identifying glycosylation sites on mycobacterial culture filtrate proteins (CFP) on a global scale.

BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE:

In this study, glycosylation sites in Mtb were characterized by collision-induced dissociation, electron-transfer dissociation and high energy collision dissociation techniques. The identification of glycosylation sites is important for our understanding of the physiology and pathophysiology of Mtb. Glycoproteins are often responsible for protein-protein interactions between host and pathogen and thus represent interesting targets for vaccine development. In addition, our strategy is not limited to Mtb, but could be extended to other organisms. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Trends in Microbial Proteomics.

KEYWORDS:

HCD; LC–MS/MS; Mannose; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; O-linked glycoproteins

PMID:
23702328
PMCID:
PMC3806883
DOI:
10.1016/j.jprot.2013.05.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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