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Antiviral Res. 2013 Aug;99(2):108-12. doi: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2013.05.004. Epub 2013 May 20.

Slit2-Robo4 receptor responses inhibit ANDV directed permeability of human lung microvascular endothelial cells.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-512, United States.

Abstract

Hantaviruses nonlytically infect human endothelial cells (ECs) and cause edematous and hemorrhagic diseases. Andes virus (ANDV) causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), and Hantaan virus (HTNV) causes hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). Hantaviruses enhance vascular endothelial growth factor directed EC permeability resulting in the disassembly of inter-endothelial cell adherens junctions (AJs). Recent studies demonstrate that Slit2 binding to Robo1/Robo4 receptors on ECs has opposing effects on AJ disassembly and vascular fluid barrier functions. Here we demonstrate that Slit2 inhibits ANDV and HTNV induced permeability and AJ disassembly of pulmonary microvascular ECs (PMECs) by interactions with Robo4. In contrast, Slit2 had no effect on the permeability of ANDV infected human umbilical vein ECs (HUVECs). Analysis of Robo1/Robo4 expression determined that PMECs express Robo4, but not Robo1, while HUVECs expressed both Robo4 and Robo1 receptors. SiRNA knockdown of Robo4 in PMECs prevented Slit2 inhibition of ANDV induced permeability demonstrating that Robo4 receptors determine PMEC responsiveness to Slit2. Collectively, this data demonstrates a selective role for Slit2/Robo4 responses within PMECs that inhibits ANDV induced permeability and AJ disassembly. These findings suggest Slit2s utility as a potential HPS therapeutic that stabilizes the pulmonary endothelium and antagonizes ANDV induced pulmonary edema.

KEYWORDS:

Hantavirus; Human endothelial cells; Inhibition; Permeability; Slit2

PMID:
23702092
PMCID:
PMC3723770
DOI:
10.1016/j.antiviral.2013.05.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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