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J Vasc Surg. 2013 Aug;58(2):502-11. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2013.03.043. Epub 2013 May 19.

Thoracic endovascular aortic repair with the chimney graft technique.

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Section of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA.



This study was conducted to provide insight into the safety, applicability, and outcomes of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) with the chimney graft technique.


Original data regarding the chimney technique in TEVAR in the emergent and elective setting were collected from MEDLINE, Embase, and Scopus databases. All variables were systematically extracted and included in a database. Patient and procedural characteristics, details, and outcomes were analyzed.


In total, 94 patients with 101 chimney-stented aortic arch branches were analyzed, consisting of the brachiocephalic artery in 20, the left common carotid artery in 48, and the left subclavian artery in 33. Balloon-expandable stents were used in 36% and self-expandable stents in 64% for the aortic side branch. The interventions were elective in 72% and emergent in 28%. Technical success was achieved in 98% in elective and emergent settings combined. Endoleaks were described in 18%; with type Ia being most frequently reported in 6.4% overall and in 6.5% in the elective setting. Stroke was reported in 5.3% of the patients, of which 40% were fatal. The overall perioperative mortality was 3.2%. Median follow-up time was 11 months, and chimney stents remained patent in all patients.


TEVAR with the chimney technique is a viable treatment option and may expand treatment strategies for patients with challenging thoracic aortic pathology and anatomy in the emergent and elective setting. Patency of the thoracic chimney stents appears to be good during short-term follow-up. Other complications, such as endoleak and stroke, deserve attention by future research to further improve treatment strategies and the prognosis of these patients.

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