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Stroke. 2013 Aug;44(8):2327-9. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.001562. Epub 2013 May 21.

Cannabis, ischemic stroke, and transient ischemic attack: a case-control study.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand. a.barber@auckland.ac.nz

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

There is a temporal relationship between cannabis use and stroke in case series and population-based studies.

METHODS:

Consecutive stroke patients, aged 18 to 55 years, who had urine screens for cannabis were compared with a cohort of control patients admitted to hospital without cardiovascular or neurological diagnoses.

RESULTS:

One hundred sixty of 218 (73%) ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack patients had urine drug screens (100 men; mean [SD] age, 44.8 [8.7] years). Twenty-five (15.6%) patients had positive cannabis drug screens. These patients were more likely to be men (84% versus 59%; χ2: P=0.016) and tobacco smokers (88% versus 28%; χ2: P<0.001). Control urine samples were obtained from 160 patients matched for age, sex, and ethnicity. Thirteen (8.1%) control participants tested positive for cannabis. In a logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, sex, and ethnicity, cannabis use was associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack (odds ratio, 2.30; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-5.08). However after adjusting for tobacco use, an association independent of tobacco could not be confirmed (odds ratio, 1.59; 95% confidence interval, 0.71-3.70).

CONCLUSIONS:

This study provides evidence of an association between a cannabis lifestyle that includes tobacco and ischemic stroke. Further research is required to clarify whether there is an association between cannabis and stroke independent of tobacco.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION URL:

http://www.anzctr.org.au. Unique identifier: ACTRN12610000198022.

KEYWORDS:

cannabis; drug abuse; ischemic stroke; transient ischemic attack

PMID:
23696547
DOI:
10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.001562
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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