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Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2013 May;16(5):443-7.

[Assessment of the diagnostic value of CT and X-ray enterography for small intestinal Crohn disease].

[Article in Chinese]

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Department of Medical Imaging, Subei People's Hospital, Jiangsu Yangzhou 225001, China.



To investigate the value of CT and X-ray enterography in the diagnosis of small intestinal Crohn disease(CD).


Data of 39 CD cases confirmed by surgery and pathology who underwent CT and X-ray enterography were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients had complete CT data, 28 cases had X-ray intestinal barium meal data, and 18 had sinus tract enterography.


CT enterography showed mural thickening(>4 mm) in 34(87.2%) patients, mural gas in 7(17.9%), mural edema in 7(17.9%), mural fat in 4(10.3%), increased enhancement of bowel wall(>10 HU) in 37(94.9%), multiple segmental lesions in 33(84.6%), single segmental lesions in 6(15.4%), mesenteric lymphadenopathy(>5 mm) in 13(33.3%), vascular bundle thickening in 9(23.1%), cellulitis in 12(30.8%), peritoneal abscess in 10(25.6%), phlegmon in 8(20.5%), incomplete intestinal obstruction in 14(35.9%), seroperitoneum in 22(56.4%), and fistulization in 4(10.3%). CT enterography did not demonstrate the change of mucosa such as strip ulcer or cobblestone. Among the 28 cases of small bowel X-ray enterography, 23 cases(82.1%) presented with multiple segmental lesions, 5(17.9%) with single segmental lesions, 18(64.3%) with strip ulcer, 16(57.1%) with cobblestones, 4(14.3%) with intestinal fistula, while no bowel wall and extraintestinal complication of CD disease was observed. Among the 18 cases of sinus tract enterography, 13 cases (72.2%) presented with intestinal fistula, 12(66.7%) with peritoneal abscess, 8(44.4%) with sinus tract.


CT enterography can demonstrate exactly the diseased bowel wall and extraintestinal complication of CD disease, which is important to evaluate the extent of CD and guide the treatment, however strip ulcer and cobblestone sign cannot be demonstrated. The X-ray enterography is available to demonstrate the characteristic changes of CD such as trip ulcers and cobblestones, but is difficult to show the bowel wall and extraintestinal inflammatory mass and abscesses. The sinus tract enterography is easy to demonstrate the intestinal fistula and intra-abdominal abscess. Combination of these methods is more beneficial to guild the diagnosis and treatment.

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