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Hum Factors. 2013 Apr;55(2):333-45.

Training intuitive decision making in a simulated real-world environment.

Author information

1
Air Force Research Laboratory, RHA/711 HPW Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433, USA. Robert.Patterson@wpafb.af.mil

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We investigated whether naturalistic, intuitive (pattern recognition-based) decision making can be developed via implicit statistical learning in a simulated real-world environment.

BACKGROUND:

To our knowledge, no definitive studies have actually shown that implicit learning plays a causal role in the development of intuitive decision making when the latter is defined as pattern recognition of real-world, or simulated real-world, environmental situations.

METHOD:

The simulated environment was presented dynamically so as to induce a sense of simulated locomotion through the scene and over sequences of objects on the ground. During training, participants passively viewed the objects sequences; during test, participants made intuitive decisions about related or unrelated sequences.

RESULTS:

Intuitive decision making can be developed via implicit learning. Articulatory suppression, which affects working memory, exerted a significant inhibitory effect on the training of intuitive decision making. Intuitive decision making trained in the simulated environment fully transferred to a flat display (but not vice versa).

CONCLUSION:

Intuitive decision making is developed by an implicit learning process that is engaged by the meaning inherent in naturalistic scenes.

APPLICATION:

Implicit learning can be used for training intuitive decision making.

PMID:
23691829
DOI:
10.1177/0018720812454432
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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