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PLoS One. 2013 May 15;8(5):e64492. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064492. Print 2013.

Surround modulation characteristics of local field potential and spiking activity in primary visual cortex of cat.

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1
State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. fff008@gmail.com

Erratum in

  • PLoS One. 2013;8(9). doi:10.1371/annotation/93ae1c28-98bc-4a65-b28f-d98059011d38.

Abstract

In primary visual cortex, spiking activity that evoked by stimulus confined in receptive field can be modulated by surround stimulus. This center-surround interaction is hypothesized to be the basis of visual feature integration and segregation. Spiking output has been extensively reported to be surround suppressive. However, less is known about the modulation properties of the local field potential (LFP), which generally reflects synaptic inputs. We simultaneously recorded spiking activity and LFP in the area 17 of anesthetized cats to examine and compare their modulation characteristics. When the stimulus went beyond the classical receptive field, LFP exhibited decreased power along the gamma band (30-100 Hz) in most of our recording sites. Further investigation revealed that suppression of the LFP gamma mean power (gLFP) depended on the angle between the center and surround orientations. The strongest suppression was induced when center and surround orientations were parallel. Moreover, the surround influence of the gLFP exhibited an asymmetric spatial organization. These results demonstrate that the gLFP has similar but not identical surround modulation properties, as compared to the spiking activity. The spatiotemporal integration of LFP implies that the oscillation and synchronization of local synaptic inputs may have important functions in surround modulation.

PMID:
23691231
PMCID:
PMC3655189
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0064492
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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