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PLoS One. 2013 May 14;8(5):e63075. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0063075. Print 2013.

Controlled delivery of sonic hedgehog morphogen and its potential for cardiac repair.

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1
Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Abstract

The morphogen Sonic hedgehog (Shh) holds great promise for repair or regeneration of tissues suffering ischemic injury, however clinical translation is limited by its short half-life in the body. Here, we describe a coacervate delivery system which incorporates Shh, protects it from degradation, and sustains its release for at least 3 weeks. Shh released from the coacervate stimulates cardiac fibroblasts to upregulate the expression of multiple trophic factors including VEGF, SDF-1α, IGF-1, and Shh itself, for at least 48 hours. Shh coacervate also demonstrates cytoprotective effects for cardiomyocytes in a hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress environment. In each of these studies the bioactivity of the Shh coacervate is enhanced compared to free Shh. These results warrant further investigation of the in vivo efficacy of Shh coacervate for cardiac repair.

PMID:
23690982
PMCID:
PMC3653884
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0063075
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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