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PLoS One. 2013 May 15;8(5):e60957. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0060957. Print 2013.

Birth preparedness and its effect on place of delivery and post-natal check-ups in Nepal.

Author information

1
Demography, International Institute for Population Sciences, Deonar, Mumbai, India. diptynawal@gmail.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND RATIONALE:

Number of demographically laggard countries will forego MDGs 4 and 5, and Nepal is not an exception to it. International reports reveal that, lack of adequate birth preparedness is one of the greatest hurdles in achievement of MDG 4 and 5. However, lack of comprehensive evidence at country level in developing countries like Nepal is a hindrance for policy making. In this context, this study estimated birth preparedness among Nepali women and its association with institutional delivery and postnatal care in Nepal.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDING:

Secondary data such as latest round of Nepal Demographic and Health Survey Data (NDHS, 2011) has been used in the study. Bivariate and multivariate models are applied as the methods of data analyses. Results reveals that only 32 per cent of women in Nepal have birth preparedness. The women who are well prepared belong to higher age group (45%), higher education (36%) and with higher women autonomy (86%). Women, who are well prepared for child birth (OR = 3.137, p<0.01) have a greater likelihood of going for institutional deliveries that women with no preparation (OR = 1). However, irrespective of level of birth preparedness, women in Nepal preferred to deliver the baby in public health facility that private health Facility.

CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS:

Findings reveal that birth preparedness is one of the critical factors in determining the likelihood of having institutional delivery and checkups after delivery. At policy perspective, this study fosters that developing countries like Nepal have to ensure adequate and universal birth preparedness in order to achieve goal 4 and 5 of MDGs.

PMID:
23690921
PMCID:
PMC3655026
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0060957
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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