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J Dent Res. 2013 Jul;92(7 Suppl):97S-103S. doi: 10.1177/0022034513484328. Epub 2013 May 20.

Polysomnographic study of the prevalence of sleep bruxism in a population sample.

Author information

  • 1Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

The goal of the current study was to estimate the prevalence of sleep bruxism (SB) in the general population using a representative sample of 1,042 individuals who answered questionnaires and underwent polysomnography (PSG) examinations. After PSG, the individuals were classified into 3 groups: absence of SB, low-frequency SB, and high-frequency SB. The results indicated that the prevalence of SB, indicated by questionnaires and confirmed by PSG, was 5.5%. With PSG used exclusively as the criterion for diagnosis, the prevalence was 7.4% regardless of SB self-reported complaints. With questionnaires alone, the prevalence was 12.5%. Of the 5.5% (n = 56) with confirmed SB, 26 were classified as low-frequency SB, and 30 as high-frequency. The episodes of SB were more frequent in stage 2 sleep, and the phasic bruxism events were more frequent than tonic or mixed events in all sleep stages in individuals with SB. A positive association was observed between SB and insomnia, higher degree of schooling, and a normal/overweight body mass index (BMI). These findings demonstrate the prevalence of SB in a population sampled by PSG, the gold standard methodology in the investigation of sleep disorders, combined with validated questionnaires.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00596713.

KEYWORDS:

dentistry; electromyography; grind; insomnia; oral-facial pain; tooth

PMID:
23690359
DOI:
10.1177/0022034513484328
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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