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J Dent Res. 2013 Jul;92(7 Suppl):78S-83S. doi: 10.1177/0022034513484337. Epub 2013 May 20.

Patient risk factors' influence on survival of posterior composites.

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Federal University of Pelotas, School of Dentistry, Gonçalves Chaves, 457, Pelotas, 96015560, Brazil.


This practice-based retrospective study evaluated the survival of resin composite restorations in posterior teeth, focusing on the influence of potential patient risk factors. In total, 306 posterior composite restorations placed in 44 adult patients were investigated after 10 to 18 yrs. The history of each restoration was extracted from the dental records, and a clinical evaluation was performed with those still in situ. The patient risk status was assessed for caries and "occlusal-stress" (bruxism-related). Statistical analysis was performed by the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox-regression multivariate analysis. In total, 30% of the restorations failed, of which 82% were found in patients with 1 or 2 risk factors. Secondary caries was the main reason of failure within caries-risk patients, whereas fracture was the main reason in "occlusal-stress-risk" patients. The patient variables gender and age did not significantly affect survival, but risk did (p < .001). Tooth type (p < .001), arch (p = .013), and pulpal vitality (p = .003) significantly affected restoration survival. Within the limits of this retrospective evaluation, the survival of restorations is affected by patient risk factors, which should be included in survival analyses of restorations.


bruxism; dental restoration failure; permanent dental restoration; permanent dentition; retrospective study; risk assessment

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