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Int J Cardiol. 2013 Oct 9;168(4):3431-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.04.182. Epub 2013 May 17.

Prosthesis sizing for transcatheter aortic valve implantation--comparison of three dimensional transesophageal echocardiography with multislice computed tomography.

Author information

1
Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin II, University of Regensburg Medical Center, Regensburg, Germany; Klinik für Herz- und Kreislauferkrankungen, Deutsches Herzzentrum München, München, Germany; Deutsches Zentrum für Herz- und Kreislauf-Forschung e.V., Partner Site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, Germany. Electronic address: oliver.husser@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The complex anatomy of the aortic annulus warrants the use of three dimensional (3D) modalities for prosthesis sizing in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) has been used for this purpose, but its use may be restricted because of contrast administration. 3D transesophageal echocardiography (3D-TEE) lacks this limitation and data on comparison with MSCT is scarce. We compared 3D-TEE with MSCT for prosthesis sizing in TAVI.

METHODS:

Aortic annulus diameters in the sagittal and coronal plane and annulus areas in 3D-TEE and MSCT were compared in 57 patients undergoing TAVI. Final prosthesis size was left at the operator's discretion and the agreement with 3D-TEE and MSCT was calculated.

RESULTS:

Sagittal diameters on 3D-TEE and MSCT correlated well (r=.754, p<.0001) and means were comparable (22.3±2.1 vs. 22.5±2.3 mm; p=0.2; mean difference: -0.3 mm [-3.3-2.8]). On 3D-TEE, coronal diameter and annulus area were significantly smaller (p<.0001 for both) with moderate correlation (r=0.454 and r=0.592). Interobserver variability was comparable for both modalities. TAVI was successful in all patients with no severe post-procedural insufficiency. Final prosthesis size was best predicted by sagittal annulus diameters in 84% and 79% by 3D-TEE and MSCT, respectively. Agreement between both modalities was 77%.

CONCLUSIONS:

Annulus diameters and areas for pre-procedural TAVI assessment by 3D-TEE are significantly smaller than MSCT with exception of sagittal diameters. Using sagittal diameters, both modalities predicted well final prosthesis size and excellent procedural results were obtained. 3D-TEE can thus be a useful alternative in patients with contraindications to MSCT.

KEYWORDS:

3D; 3D-transesophageal echocardiography; MSCT; Multiple plane reconstruction; Multislice computed tomography; TAVI; TEE; TTE; Transcatheter aortic valve implantation; multislice computed tomography; three dimensional; transcatheter aortic valve implantation; transesophageal echocardiography; transthoracic echocardiography

PMID:
23688431
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.04.182
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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