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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2013 Jul 15;305(2):H155-62. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00169.2012. Epub 2013 May 17.

Oxidative stress augments pulmonary hypertension in chronically hypoxic mice overexpressing the oxidized LDL receptor.

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Departments of Nephrology and Endocrinology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.


Chronic hypoxia is one of the main causes of pulmonary hypertension (PH) associated with ROS production. Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor (LOX)-1 is known to be an endothelial receptor of oxidized low-density lipoprotein, which is assumed to play a role in the initiation of ROS generation. We investigated the role of LOX-1 and ROS generation in PH and vascular remodeling in LOX-1 transgenic (TG) mice. We maintained 8- to 10-wk-old male LOX-1 TG mice and wild-type (WT) mice in normoxia (room air) or hypoxia (10% O2 chambers) for 3 wk. Right ventricular (RV) systolic pressure (RVSP) was comparable between the two groups under normoxic conditions; however, chronic hypoxia significantly increased RVSP and RV hypertrophy in LOX-1 TG mice compared with WT mice. Medial wall thickness of the pulmonary arteries was significantly greater in LOX-1 TG mice than in WT mice. Furthermore, hypoxia enhanced ROS production and nitrotyrosine expression in LOX-1 TG mice, supporting the observed pathological changes. Administration of the NADPH oxidase inhibitor apocynin caused a significant reduction in PH and vascular remodeling in LOX-1 TG mice. Our results suggest that LOX-1-ROS generation induces the development and progression of PH.


NADPH oxidase; hypoxia; low-density lipoprotein receptor-1; oxidative stress; pulmonary hypertension

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