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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2013 Aug;346(2):311-7. doi: 10.1124/jpet.112.202895. Epub 2013 May 17.

Monoamine transporter occupancy of a novel triple reuptake inhibitor in baboons and humans using positron emission tomography.

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Clinical Imaging Centre, GlaxoSmithKline, London, United Kingdom.


The selection of a therapeutically meaningful dose of a novel pharmaceutical is a crucial step in drug development. Positron emission tomography (PET) allows the in vivo estimation of the relationship between the plasma concentration of a drug and its target occupancy, optimizing dose selection and reducing the time and cost of early development. Triple reuptake inhibitors (TRIs), also referred to as serotonin-norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitors, enhance monoaminergic neurotransmission by blocking the action of the monoamine transporters, raising extracellular concentrations of those neurotransmitters. GSK1360707 [(1R,6S)-1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-6-(methoxymethyl)-4-azabicyclo[4.1.0]heptane] is a novel TRI that until recently was under development for the treatment of major depressive disorder; its development was put on hold for strategic reasons. We present the results of an in vivo assessment of the relationship between plasma exposure and transporter blockade (occupancy). Studies were performed in baboons (Papio anubis) to determine the relationship between plasma concentration and occupancy of brain serotonin reuptake transporter (SERT), dopamine reuptake transporter (DAT), and norepinephrine uptake transporter (NET) using the radioligands [(11)C]DASB [(N,N-dimethyl-2-(2-amino-4-cyanophenylthio) benzylamine], [(11)C]PE2I [N-(3-iodoprop-2E-enyl)-2β-carbomethoxy-3β-(4-methylphenyl)nortropane], and [(11)C]2-[(2-methoxyphenoxy)phenylmethyl]morpholine (also known as [(11)C]MRB) and in humans using [(11)C]DASB and [(11)C]PE2I. In P. anubis, plasma concentrations resulting in half-maximal occupancy at SERT, DAT, and NET were 15.16, 15.56, and 0.97 ng/ml, respectively. In humans, the corresponding values for SERT and DAT were 6.80 and 18.00 ng/ml. GSK1360707 dose-dependently blocked the signal of SERT-, DAT-, and NET-selective PET ligands, confirming its penetration across the blood-brain barrier and blockade of all three monoamine transporters in vivo.


[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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