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Minerva Pediatr. 2013 Jun;65(3):279-85.

Outcome of congenital diaphragmatic hernia: analysis of implicated factors.

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Division of Neonatology, V. Buzzi Children Hospital of Milan, Milan, Italy.



Congenital diaphragmatic hernia remains a significant challenge for neonatologists and pediatric surgeons. Over the last years, new therapeutic approaches, as high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, inhaled nitric oxide, permissive hypercapnia, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, have been used for the management of these newborns. We conducted a retrospective study of all infants who were managed for congenital diaphragmatic hernia in our NICU in order to identify possible clinical characteristics which were predictive for survival.


We reviewed a single institution's experience with 42 consecutive neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia admitted to our NICU from 1993 to 2009.


Prenatal data and side of congenital diaphragmatic hernia were similar in survivors and no-survivors infants except for the lung-to-head ratio (LHR), which was higher and measured later in survivors than non-survivors. Multiple regression analysis showed that a gestational age ≥39 weeks, Apgar score at 5 min ≥7, FiO2<0.35, MAP<13 cmH2O, OI<10 and AaDO2 >282 before surgical repair, and the absence of persistent pulmonary hypoplasia were independent predictive factors of survival.


Our study suggests that the outcome of newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia still depends on the severity of lung hypoplasia, despite the different respiratory and therapeutical approaches.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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