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Sleep Med. 2013 Jul;14(7):641-7. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2013.04.002. Epub 2013 May 16.

The relationships between asthma control, daytime sleepiness, and quality of life among children with asthma: a path analysis.

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Department of Health Outcomes and Policy, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.



We aimed to examine the relationships between asthma control, daytime sleepiness, and asthma-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among children with asthma. Path analyses were conducted to test if daytime sleepiness can mediate the effect of asthma control status on asthma-specific HRQOL.


160 dyads (pairs) of asthmatic children and their parents were collected for analyses. The Asthma Control and Communication Instrument (ACCI) was used to categorize adequate and poor asthma control status. The Cleveland Adolescent Sleepiness Questionnaire (CASQ) was used to measure children's daytime sleepiness, including sleep in school, awake in school, sleep in evening, and sleep during transport. The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Asthma Impact Scale was used to measure asthma-specific HRQOL.


Poorly controlled asthma was associated with daytime sleepiness and impaired asthma-specific HRQOL. Asthma control status was directly associated with asthma-specific HRQOL (P<.05), whereas sleep in school and sleep in evening domains of daytime sleepiness significantly mediated the relationship between poor asthma control and impaired HRQOL (P<.01).


Asthma control status was associated with pediatric asthma-specific HRQOL, and the association was significantly mediated by daytime sleepiness. Healthcare providers need to address pediatric sleep needs related to poor asthma control to reduce the negative impact on HRQOL.


Asthma control; Children; Health-related quality of life; Patient-reported outcomes; Sleepiness; Structural equation modeling

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